Dickinson's Birds

A listening machine

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Meshworks: Sources and Resources


Orra White Hitchcock, “Crust of the earth”, 1828-1840, 184 x 187 cm., Pen and ink on linen.

Courtesy of Edward and Orra White Hitchcock Papers, Amherst College Archives and Special Collections.


Abram, David. 1996. The Spell of the Sensuous. New York: Vintage Books.

Ackerman, Jennifer. 2017. The Genius of Birds. New York: Penguin.

Adams, John Luther and Alex Ross. 2009. The Place Where You Go to Listen: In Search of an Ecology of Music. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press.

Allen, Aaron S. and Kevin Dawe, eds. 2016. Current Directions in Ecomusicology: Music, Culture, Nature. Abingdon: Routledge.

American Bird Conservancy @ https://abcbirds.org.

Aristotle. [c. 350 BC]. De Anima II.8 420b12.

Armbruster, Karla M. and Kathleen R. Wallace, eds. 2001. Beyond Nature Writing: Expanding the Boundaries of Ecocriticism. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.

Arons, Wendy and Theresa J. May, eds. 2012. Readings in Performance and Ecology. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Arsić, Branka. 2016. Bird Relics: Grief and Vitalism in Thoreau. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Audubon, John James. 1999. John James Audubon: Writings and Drawings. Library of America.

Ayres, Edward L. 2010. “Turning toward Place, Space, and Time.” In The Spatial Humanities: GIS and the Future of Humanities Scholarship, edited by David J. Bodenhamer, John Corrigan, and Trevor M. Harris. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Bagg, Aaron Clark and Samuel Atkins Eliot. 1937. Birds of the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts. Northampton, MA: The Hampshire Bookshop.

Bandt, Ros, Michelle Duffy, and Dolly MacKinnon, eds. 2007. Hearing Places: Sound, Place, Time and Culture. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.

Barclay, Leah. 2012. “Shifting Paradigms: Towards an Auditory Culture.” Proceedings of ISEA 2012 Albuquerque: Machine Wilderness. Albuquerque: ISEA. http://socialmedia.hpc.unm.edu/isea2012/sites/default/files/ISEA2012_confproceedings_WEB.pdf.

Barrow, Mark. 2009. Nature’s Ghosts: Confronting Extinction from the Age of Jefferson to the Age of Ecology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bennett, Jane. 2010. Vibrant Matter: A Political Ecology of Things. Durham: Duke University Press.

Bergland, Renee. 2008. “Urania’s Inversion: Emily Dickinson, Herman Melville, and the Strange History of Women Scientists in Nineteenth-Century America.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 34:1.

Bergland, Renee. “Dickinson Emergent: Natural Philosophy and the Postdisciplinary Manifold.” 2022. In The Oxford Handbook of Emily Dickinson, edited by Cristanne Miller and Karen Sanchez-Eppler, 554–72. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Besel, Richard D. and Jnan A. Blau, eds. 2014. Performance on Behalf of the Environment. Plymouth: Lexington Books.

Bianchi, Frederick and V. J. Manzo, eds. 2016. Environmental Sound Artists: In Their Own Words. New York: Oxford University Press.

Birds of the World: The Cornell Lab of Ornithology @ https://birdsoftheworld.org/bow/home.

Bladow, Kyle A., and Jennifer K. Ladino. 2018. “Toward an Affective Ecocriticism: Placing Feeling in the Anthropocene.” In Affective Ecocriticism: Emotion, Embodiment, Environment, edited by Kyle A. Bladow and Jennifer K. Ladino, 1–22., Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Bodenhamer, David J., John Corrigan, and Trevor M. Harris. 2015. Deep Maps and Spatial Narratives. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

British Library Sounds @ https://sounds.bl.uk/Environment/Weather. [See also: https://sounds.bl.uk/Environment/Water; https://sounds.bl.uk/Environment/Soundscapes; https://sounds.bl.uk/Environment/Listen-to-Nature; https://sounds.bl.uk/Environment/Early-wildlife-recordings; https://sounds.bl.uk/Environment/Interviews-with-wildlife-sound-recordists-]

Brown, Andrew. 2014. Art & Ecology Now. London: Thames and Hudson.

Bruinsman, Max. 1985. “Notes of a Listener.” In Sound by Artists, edited by Dan Lander and Micah Lexier, 88-96. Toronto: Art Metropole and Banff: Walter Phillips Gallery.

Burns, Thea. 2013. The Luminous Trace: Drawing and Writing in Metalpoint. London, Archetype Publications, 2013.

Caballero, Krista and Frank Ekberg. 2013–. Birding the Future @ http://www.birdingthefuture.net.

Caballero, Krista. 2016. Portable Field Desk @ http://kristacaballero.com/portable-field-desks.

Caballero, Krista. 2020-. Some Spells Are Bigger @ http://kristacaballero.com/some-spells-are-bigger.

Candland, Lara. 2018. The Lapidary’s Nosegay. Boulder: University Press of Colorado.

Carlyle, Angus, ed. 2007. Autumn Leaves: Sound and the Environment in Artistic Practice. Paris: Double Entendre.

Carson, Rachel. 1962. Silent Spring. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Chen, Mei-shu. 2019. “The Uncelebrated Nonhuman Citizens of Nature in Emily Dickinson’s Writings”.Exposition 42: 245–72.

Chow, Juliana. 2014. “‘Because I see – New Englandly – ’: Seeing Species in the Nineteenth-Century and Emily Dickinson’s Regional Specificity.” ESQ, 60.3, 2014: 413–49.

Clare, John. 2004. Major Works, edited by Eric Robinson and David Powell. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clark, Timothy. 2015. Ecocriticism on the Edge: The Anthropocene as a Threshold Concept. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome, ed. 2013. Prismatic Ecology: Ecotheory beyond Green. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Cole, Norma. 1991. My Bird Book. Portland, ME: Littoral Books.

Cook, Terry and Joan M. Schwartz. 2002. “Archives, Records, and Power: From (Postmodern) Theory to (Archival) Performance.” Archival Science, 2: 171–85.

Craig, Wallace. 1911. “The Expressions of Emotion in the Pigeons: III The Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius Linn.)”.  The Auk, 28.4: 408–27.

Cramerotti, Alfredo, ed. 2015. The Blind.  Bristol and Chicago: Intellect.

Cummings, Jim. 2010. About Environmental Soundscape Art. http://earthear.com/aboutesa.html.

Cusack, Peter. 2012. Sounds from Dangerous Places. Surrey: ReR Megacorp and Berliner Kunstlerprogramm des DAAD, 2012.

Darwin, Charles. 1859. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. London: John Murray.

Das, Subhadra, and Miranda Lowe. 2018. “Nature Read in Black and White: Decolonial Approaches to Interpreting Natural History Collections”. Journal of Natural Science Collections, 6: 4–14.

“Dawn Chorus,” conceived and directed by Bernie Kraus and Michael John Gorman @ dawn-chorus.org, 2020.

Day, David. 2012. Nevermore: A Book of Hours. Toronto: Fourfront, 2012.

———. 1989. Vanished Species. Bloomington, IN: Gallery Books, 1989.

Derrida, Jacques. 1993. Aporias, translated by Thomas Dutoit. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Digital Amherst @ http://www.digitalamherst.org/exhibits.

Dunn, David. 2021. The Sound of Light in Trees. https://daviddunn.bandcamp.com/album/the-sound-of-light-in-trees.

Ear to the Earth. 2011. @  http://twitter.com/ear2earth.

The Endings Project @ https://projectendings.github.io/.

Emily Dickinson Archive @ https://www.emilydickinson.org.

Emmons, Ebenezer. 1833. The Birds of Massachusetts. In Dr. Edward Hitchcock’s “Report on the Geology, Minerology, Botany and Zoology of Massachusetts”: 528–51.

Farge, Arlette. 2013. The Allure of the Archives. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Farr, Judith.. 2004.The Gardens of Emily Dickinson. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Farrier, David. 2019. Anthropocene Poetics: Deep Time, Sacrifice Zones, and Extinction.. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Foer, Jonathan Safran. 2001. A Convergence of Birds: Original Fiction and Poetry Inspired by Joseph Cornell. D.A.P.

“For the Birds” by the Birdsong Project: https://open.spotify.com/album/6c8aHa89kWTsrcz0iw7fgS?si=YxOT7jT7S3W6imf0mKOHUw.

Fragments of Extinction. https://www.fragmentsofextinction.org/dusk-chorus-film/.

Fuller, Errol. 2013. Lost Animals: Extinction and the Photographic Record. London: Bloomsbury.

Gander, Forrest and John Kinsella. 2012. Redstart: An Ecological Poetics. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.

Gardner, Thomas and Salomé Voegelin, eds. 2016. Colloquium: Sound Art – Music. Winchester: ZeroBooks, John Hunt Publishing.

Garrard, Greg. 2012. Ecocriticism, 2nd edn. Abingdon: Routledge.

Gerhardt, Christine. “Dickinson’s Garden Ecologies.” 2022. In The Oxford Handbook of Emily Dickinson, edited by Cristanne Miller and Karen Sanchez-Eppler, 518–36. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gilmurray, Jono. 2016. “Sounding the Alarm: An Introduction to Ecological Sound Art.” Muzikoloski Zbornik—Musicological Annual, 52.2: 71–84.

Glotfelty, Cheryll and Harrold Fromm, et. al., eds. 1996. The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Gordon, Avery. 1997. Ghostly Matters. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Greenaway, Peter. 1994. Flying Out of This World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Grossman, Sara J. 2021. “Gendering Nineteenth-Century Data: The Women of the Smithsonian Meteorological Project.” Journal of Women’s History, 33.1: 85–109.

Guthrie, James R. 2007. “Darwinian Dickinson: The Scandalous Rise and Noble Fall of the Common Clover.” The Emily Dickinson Journal, 16.1: 73–91.

Hamilton, William J., III. 1962. “Evidence Concerning the Function of Nocturnal Call Notes of Migratory Birds.” California Academy of Sciences, 64.5: 390–401.

Henshaw, Frances. 1823. “Massachusetts.” The David Rumsey Historical Map Collection @ www.davidrumsey.com.

Hitchcock, Edward. 1836.  “The Sandstone Bird” @ https://www.palaeopoems.com/palaeopoems/the-sandstone-bird

Hitchcock, Orra White. Amherst College Digital Collections: Classroom drawings by Orra White Hitchcock @ https://acdc.amherst.edu/browse/partOf/Orra+White+Hitchcock+Classroom+Drawings?_ga=2.183907747.427271304.1613600253-1929252704.1612994588.

Holloway, Travis. 2022. How to Live at the End of the World: Theory, Art, and Politics for the Anthropocene. Stanford: Stanford Briefs.

Humphreys, Helen. 2021. Field Study: Meditations on a Year at the Herbarium. Toronto: ECW Press.

Ingold, Tim. 2010. “Bringing Things to Life: Creative Entanglements in a World of Materials.” ESRC National Centre for Research Methods @ http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/1306/.

Ingold, Tim. 2020. Correspondences. Cambridge: Polity Press.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species @ https://www.iucnredlist.org.

Jackson, Virginia. 2005. Dickinson’s Misery: A Theory of Lyric Reading. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Keith, David W. 2017. “The Earth Is Not Yet an Artifact.” In Environment and Society: A Reader, edited by Christopher Schlottmann et al., 373–79. New York: New York University Press..

Khalip, Jacques. 2018.  Last Things.. New York: Fordham University Press.

Kolbert, Elizabeth. 2014. The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History. New York: Henry Holt.

Krause, Bernie L. 1987. “The Niche Hypothesis: How Animals Taught Us to Dance and Sing.” http://appohigh.org/ourpages/auto/2010/12/21/52074732/niche.pdf.

Kuhn, Mary. 2018. “Dickinson and the Politics of Plant Sensibility.”ELH, 85.1: 141–70.

Lane, Cathy. “On the Machair.” [2007] 2008. On Autumn Leaves, online audio compilation, http:www.gruenrekorder.de/?page_id=174.

Lane, Cathy and Angus Carlyle. 2013. In the Field: The Art of Field Recording. Axminster: Uniformbooks.

Lucier, Alvin. I am Sitting in a Room. [1970] 1993. United States: Lovely Music, Ltd., LCD 1013.

MacKenzie, Cynthia, ed. 2000. Concordance to the Letters of Emily Dickinson. Boulder: University Press of Colorado.

Mąkowska, Joanna. 2021. “‘Poetic Thinking in the Anthropocene.’” Women’s Studies, vol. 50, no. 8,:  791–97.

Manning, Erin. 2016. The Minor Gesture. Durham: Duke University Press.

Marchand, Amanda and Leah Sobsey. 2021-present. This Earthen Door: Work In Progress. @ https://www.amandamarchand.com/this-earthen.

Marrs, Cody. 2017. “Dickinson in the Anthropocene.” ESQ, 63, 2: 201–25.

Mass Audubon @ https://www.massaudubon.org.

Massachusetts Avian Records Committee. Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife @ https://maavianrecords.com/.

Matthews, G. V. T. 1968. Bird Migration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Matilsky, Barbara C. 1992. Fragile Ecologies: Contemporary Artists’ Interpretations and Solutions. New York: Rizzoli.

McFarland, Sarah E. 2021. “Embracing Extinction.” Women’s Studies, 50:8: 837-842.

McKibben, Bill. 2005. What the Warming World Needs Now is Art, Sweet Art. http://grist.org/article/mckibben-imagine/.

Merely, Tobias and Jesse Oak Taylor, eds. 2017. Anthropocene Reading: Literary History in Geologic Terms. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press.

Morton, Timothy. 2010. The Ecological Thought. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Morton,  Timothy. 2011. “The Mesh.” In Environmental Criticism for the Twenty-First Century, edited and introduced by Stephanie LeMenager, Teresa Shewry, and Ken Hiltner, 19–30. London and New York, Routledge..

Morton, Timothy. 2013. Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology after the End of the World. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

“Murmuration” @ https://www.wired.com/2012/03/starling-flock-dynamics/. For a video of this phenomenon, see also https://petapixel.com/2020/04/02/this-video-captures-the-mesmerizing-patterns-traced-by-a-flock-of-starlings/.

Nathanson, Tenney. 2016. “The Birds Swim through the Air at Top Speed: Kinetic Identification in Keats, Whitman, Stevens, and Dickinson (Notes Toward a Poetics).” Critical Inquiry, 42.2: 395–410.

Natural World Museum 2007. Art in Action: Nature, Creativity and our Collective Future. San Rafael: Earth Aware Editions.Nickens, T. Edward. “Listening to Migrating Birds at Night May Help Ensure Their Safety.” Audubon Magazine September-October 2013 @ https://www.audubon.org/magazine/september-october-2013/listening-migrating-birds-night-may.

Newell, Jennifer, Libby Robin, and Kristen Wehner, eds. 2017. Curating the Future: Museums, Communities, and Climate Change. London and New York: Routledge.

Nowviskie, Bethany. 2015. “Digital Humanities in the Anthropocene.” Special conference issue of DSH: the Journal of Digital Scholarship in the Humanities.

Nowviskie, Bethany, Rachel Mattson, and Samantha MacFarlane, eds. 2018. “Endangered Knowledge,” a special issue of KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies.

Nowviskie, Bethany. 2019. “Speculative Collections and the Emancipatory Library.” In The Routledge International Handbook of New Digital Practices in Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums and Heritage Sites, eds. Hannah Lewi et al. Abingdon: Routledge.

Nowviskie, Bethany. 2019. “Capacity Through Care.” In Debates in the Digital Humanities 2019, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Opie, John. 1998. Nature’s Nation: An Environmental History of the United States. Independence: Cengage Learning.

Parham, John. 2021. Chronology” in The Cambridge Companion to Literature and the Anthropocene, xiii-xix. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pearson, Lisa. 2011. It is Almost That: A Collection of Image + Text Works by Women Artists & Writers. Los Angeles: Siglio.

Petersen, Wayne R. and Brian E. Small. 2017. Field Guide to the Birds of Massachusetts. New York: Scott & Nix, Inc.

Pettman, Dominic.  2017. Sonic Intimacy: Voice, Species, Technics (or, How To Listen to the World). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Pryor, Adam. 2020. Living with Tiny Aliens: The Image of God for the Anthropocene. New York: Fordham University Press.

Purcell, Rosamond, Linnea S. Hall, and Rene Corado. 2008. Egg & Nest. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Quin, Douglass. 2010. Fathom. Taiga.

Resetarits, C. R. 2006. “The Genomic Tropes of Dickinson’s ‘The Veins of Other Flowers.’”The Kenyon Review, 28.1: 79–85.

Rosenbaum, S. P. 1964. A Concordance to the Poems of Emily Dickinson. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Schafer, R. Murray. 1977. The Tuning of the World. New York: Knopf.

Serres, Michel. 1997. Genesis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Serres, Michel. 2020. Branches: A Philosophy of Time, Event and Advent. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Simons, Jeffrey. 2019. “Dickinson’s Lyric Ornithology.” The Emily Dickinson Journal, 28.1: 1–22.

The Singing and the Silence: Birds in Contemporary Art: An Exhibition. October 30, 2014–February 22, 2015. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Skinner, Jonathan. 2011. “Birds in Dickinson’s Words.” The Emily Dickinson Journal, 20.2: 106–110.

Snell, Ebenezer and Sabra. 1835-1902. The Snell Meteorological Journals, 5 vols. Amherst College Archives.

Socarides, Alexandra. 2014. Dickinson Unbound: Paper, Process, Poetics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sobsey, Leah. 2015. Collections. Bronx, NY: Daylight Community Arts Foundation..

Spaid, Sue. 2002. Ecovention: Current Art to Transform Ecologies. Cincinatti: Contemporary Arts Center.

Steedman, Carolyn. 2002. Dust: The Archive and Cultural History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Tempest Williams, Terry with photographs by Tristin Spinski. 2017. “Windows into AnotherWorld.” Audubon @ www.audubon.org/magazine/summer-2017/bwindows-another-world-take-tour-bird-blinds.

Thoreau, H. D. 1837-1861.  Journal. @ https://thoreau.library.ucsb.edu/writings_journals.html.

Van Dooren, Thom. 2014. Flight Ways: Life and Loss at the Edge of Extinction. New York: Columbia University Press.

Voeglin, Salomé. 2010. Listening to Noise and Silence: Towards a Philosophy of Sound Arts. New York: Continuum.

Voeglin, Salomé. 2021. Sonic Possible Worlds: Hearing the Continuum of Sound. New York: Bloomsbury.

von Bayern, Auguste, Michael Gorman, Konstantin Reetz, and Anka Michaelis, project leaders. 2020. Dawn Chorus. Max Planck Institute of Ornithology @ dawn-chorus.org.

Weidensaul, Scott. 2022. A World on the Wing: The Global Odyssey of Migratory Birds. New York: Norton.

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Werner, Marta. 2021. “Sparrow Data: Dickinson’s Birds in the Skies of the Anthropocene.” The Emily Dickinson Journal, 30.1: 45–84.

Westerkamp, Hildegard. “Kits Beach” [composed 1989] 1996. On Transformations. Montreal: Empreintes Digitales IMED 9631.

Westling, Louise, ed. 2014. The Cambridge Companion to Literature and the Environment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Westover, Peter. 1977. Birds and Their Habitats in Amherst, Massachusetts with Complete Annotated List of Amherst Birds. Amherst: Hitchcock Center for the Environment.

Whitehead, Gregory. The Sound of Radio, 

Whitehouse, Andrew. 2015. “Listening to Birds in the Anthropocene: The Anxious Semiotics of Sound in a Human-Dominated World.” Environmental Humanities, 6: 53–71.

Winderen, Jana. 2013. Silencing of the Reefs, Dardanella, Belize 3–14 December 2012. http://janawinderen.com/fieldtrips/sielncing_of_the_reefs_dardane.html#.V6Sq1FfgVbw.

Winderen, Jana. 2017. Spring Bloom in the Marginal Ice Zone. Sonic Acts.

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Xeno Canto @ https://www.xeno-canto.org.