= Original manuscript lost or destroyed
= Manuscript facsimile coming soon
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The Emily Dickinson Archive
, an open-access site containing digital surrogates of many of the manuscripts of Dickinson’s poems and letters is the primary source for the manuscript images reproduced here. This single site includes at least some Dickinson manuscripts from the following Libraries:
American Antiquarian Society
Amherst College Archives & Special Collections
Beinecke Library, Yale University
Boston Public Library
Dumbarton Oaks, Harvard University
Houghton Library, Harvard University
Library of Congress
The Morgan Library & Museum
New York Public Library
The Rosenbach Library
Smith College Libraries
Vassar Special Collections
In addition to the above collections, manuscripts for Dickinson’s Birds have been drawn from Forbes Library, Middlebury College, Princeton University Library, The Robert P. Esty Library, Scripps College, and the State Historical Society of Iowa.
Grateful acknowledgment is extended to these libraries and institutions for making these documents publicly accessible.
Transcriptions, diplomatic and encoded
All transcriptions of Dickinson’s poems are from her manuscripts.
Poem dates generally follow those in R. W. Franklin’s The Poems of Emily Dickinson, 3 vols. (Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998). For those manuscripts composed by Dickinson and shared with Susan Dickinson, the dates proposed by Ellen Louise Hart and Martha Nell Smith in Open Me Carefully: Emily Dickinson’s Intimate Letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson (Paris Press, 1998) are also noted in the Commentaries. With very few exceptions, all dates based on handwriting alone should be considered open to revision.
Poem-manuscript paper data
In addition to the manuscripts themselves, data on Dickinson’s paper types is drawn from two
scholarly sources. The most important source for paper data for fascicle and “set” poems is R. W. Franklin’s The Manuscript Books of Emily Dickinson, 2 vols. (Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1986). A second key source for paper data is Jay Leyda’s cataloging notes at Amherst College, Archives & Special Collections.
The following eleven poems, identified by Jefferey Simons as connected with Dickinson’s lyric ornithology, are not included in dickisnonsbirds: Fr. 1 (juvenilia; outside the temporal boundaries of the archive); Fr 90 (the reference is to a domestic bird: Chanticleer, not a wild bird); Fr 198 (the reference is to a nest only); Fr 1019 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird); Fr 1182 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird); Fr 1352 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird); Fr 1368 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird); Fr 1408 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird); Fr 1470 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird); Fr 1577 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird); Fr 1603 (only an implied or ancillary reference to bird). See Jefferey Simons, “Dickinson’s Lyric Ornithology,” Emily Dickinson Journal 28.1 (2019): 1-22.